Here are our top tips.
Plant bare-rooted roses in winter. Soak the roots in lukewarm water for 12-24 hours. Dig a hole about 30cm wide and 25cm deep. Create a small mound at the bottom of the hole with soil, then spread the roots over it. Water and cover with remaining soil. Plant potted roses in spring.
Roses are always hungry and if you feed them well they’ll produce glorious flowers. Give them rose food as soon as the buds appear and water well. Then give them a handful of food every four to six months during the flowering season.
When they are young, roses need to be kept well watered, but as they mature you can cut back watering to twice a week. In summer, give them a good soaking. Make sure you water just the soil, not the plant. Any lingering moisture on the leaves can cause fungal problems.
Use sugar cane, pea straw or lucerne that breaks down and nourishes the soil and helps it to retain moisture. Spread to a depth of about 5cm in late winter or spring and again in summer. Don’t let the mulch sit against the stems or you’ll get collar rot.
Modern rose breeds are very disease resistant but nothing’s perfect, so watch out for these issues.
You don’t need a bed – live the high life in balconies and courtyards!
Miniature roses are best for growing in containers that are at least 35cm deep. If you want a climber, the container should be at least 45cm deep. Go for much deeper and wider containers for other roses.
Roses need at least 6 hours of sun a day. But container roses need extra conditions. Put the bush in sunshine but the container in shade, so the growing medium doesn’t get too dry.
If transferring from a nursery pot (best planted from autumn to spring) or planting as a bare root (best planted in early winter), fill container with a loam-based, acid-right mix specifically formulated for roses.
Watering is important, but so is drainage. Put a layer of gravel at the base of pots and place pots on feet.
Potted plants absorb food more quickly than bedded plants. Top up each spring with rose food, and every second year replace the top 5-10cm of mix with compost or repot with fresh mix.
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