The Ultimate guide to Australian native Flowers
There are so many stunning Australian natives to choose from, here is a list of some of the most popular.
1. Desert Flame
3. Kangaroo paw
4. Canberra Bells
5. Pink rock lily
6. Aussie Box
7. Lilly pilly
9. Silver spurflower
10. Australian honeysuckles
11. Pink (common) heath
16. Sturt`s Desert Pea
1. Desert Flame Chrysocephalum apiculatum
Desert Flame is a perennial Australian native that brings a blaze of colour to the garden with golden yellow flowers and silvery grey foliage. It`s a hardy, maintenance plant that provides stunning ground cover and can grow 20–30cm tall. It prefers temperate climates and grows best in full sun or part shade and most soil types.
Grown all over Australia, grevilleas are fuss-free, native shrubs that flower profusely! They come in a great range of sizes, from ground covers and mid-sized shrubs to tall screening plants, which are perfect for privacy. Their year-round flowers are also simply irresistible to native birds and insects. These beauties need well-drained soils and are sun lovers, so plant in full sun and keep sheltered from strong winds.
3. Kangaroo paw Anigozanthos
Absolutely stunning when in bloom, evergreen when not, the popular native kangaroo paw is an ideal low-maintenance but high-impact plant. And fun fact – the Anigozanthos is the state flower of Western Australia. All species have strap-like leaves and tubular flowers, you can find them in single, bi-coloured and even tri-coloured forms, in red, yellow, green, orange, pink and near-white. Kangaroo paws do best in slightly acidic soils with good drainage and full sun exposure.
4. Canberra Bells Correa
Correa ‘Canberra Bells’ produces a mass of red and cream bell-shaped flowers throughout autumn on a compact shrub to 1m. Frost and drought hardy, correas are sometimes referred to as native fuchsias and are one of the most reliable native shrubs for autumn colour. This one is great in a mixed garden bed or as a low growing hedge; prune lightly after flowering to maintain a neat compact shape. It grows well in almost any soil, in shade or full sun, but prefers a light sandy soil with good drainage and a position protected from wind.
5. Pink rock lily Dendrobium
The Australian native Dendrobium kingianum, or pink rock lily, is tough and easy to grow, producing delicate flowers from pure white through to pink and purple. On the other end of the spectrum is the striking Cooktown orchid with round, long-lasting flowers. And there are many more in this huge genus. All dendrobiums like light but need shelter from intense midday sun. Tropical species require warmer conditions and more humidity than temperates. During the hotter months, a weekly feed of one-quarter strength fertiliser will ensure robust healthy growth, but as the weather starts to cool, ease off the watering and fertiliser. Australian native dendrobiums will thrive on rock faces or attached to tree branches in filtered light.
6. Aussie Box Westringia
Westringia ‘Aussie Box’, a new form of the popular shrub, makes a lovely low hedge. Growing to about 60 x 60cm, it’s drought-hardy and produces tiny mauve flowers on and off throughout the year. It prefers full sun to light shade, suits most soil types and tolerates frost and drought.
7. Lilly pilly Syzygium smithii
Lilly pilly – also known as an Australian cherry – is an evergreen tree that has glossy leaves and fragrant white flowers in summer before producing edible red or purple fruit. It`s a popular hedge option as it quite dense and can be trimmed and ‘topiaried’ to your heart’s content. Lilly pillies prefer fertile, well-draining soil.
8. Bottlebrushes Callistemon
The bottlebrushes gets its name from the vibrant, red flower arrangements it produces, which closely resembles a bottle cleaning brush. Tree shapes and sizes vary considerably, so there’s one suitable for just about any garden. Bottlebrushes are a hardy, low-maintenance plant, which can do well (and even thrive) in damp conditions. Bursting into bloom from early spring, bottlebrush delivers rich pickings for birds.
9. Silver spurflower Plectranthus argentatus
The leaves and branches of this loose-spreading shrub are covered with short silver hairs, which create a fabulous shimmery gleam in the garden. Native to Australia, it’s one of the best silver-leaved plants to use in shady areas.
10. Australian honeysuckles Banksia
Loved for their flower spikes in gold, red and orange, banksias flower profusely and for an extended period. They come in various forms, from medium-sized shrubs to spreading groundcovers, and make eye-catching arrangements for events like parties, weddings and funerals. A favourite, ‘Giant Candles’ produces large flower spikes on a 4m tall shrub. For lower growing options, check out dwarf varieties of banksia, such as ‘Cherry Candles’. It has a spreading habit of 1.5–2m – great for pots or in ground. Plant in well-draining soil or native potting mix and full sun. Feed with a controlled release
fertiliser formulated for natives.
11. Pink (common) heath Epacris impressa
A generous bloomer, common heath (Epacris impressa) flowers almost year-round, but is most profuse in winter. Flower colour varies from white to pink to deep crimson. It grows up to 1m tall and wide, but commonly remains a 50cm shrub in gardens. Plant in well-drained sandy soil and full sun or part shade. Prune after flowering to maintain its bushy shape.